I’m sitting here – like much of New Zealands population – in the sun, contemplating the Christmas carry on. It’s this time of year where we all escape the craziness of the cities and head off to holiday homes, batches or cribs (depending on what part of the country you live in).
For many of us, myself included, the thought of taking our holidays in the absence of the internet is just too much to bear and so we dutifully take our notebooks, PCs, PDAs or any other device we need to stay in touch with along with us – praying that we’ll be able to connect up to the beloved internet and stay in touch.
For people like myself who have DSL at home can’t take it with us so we’re driven to scout out an internet cafï¿½, open a short term dial up account or take with us some alternative access such as a CDMA PCMCIA card or connection via cell phone.
Of course the additional hassle of setting up a dialup account and being tied to a wall socket is not contusive to the freedom that holidays are all about. Internet cafï¿½s are typically noisy, expensive and increasingly filled with young people playing the latest multiplayer network games – which makes a leisurely latte while tapping out thank you emails or reading the latest industry articles somewhat less than relaxing. And of course there’s the whole security aspect to consider along when using someone else’s PC, along with the inevitable pining for that high speed connection.
Cellular access is also very expensive and, while it frees you from the shackles of the dreaded wall socket and those oh so slow 56K connections (if you’re lucky enough to get such speeds at your holiday destination) the cellular coverage is still kind of patchy and there’s always those dollar signs ticking away at the back of your mind while you hurriedly attempt to open as many pages as you need, spending as little time as you can on line to avoid that horrid bill shock at the end of your holiday.
The solution as I see it is going to be provided by wireless access. WiFi (802.11[a/b/g]) and it’s bigger faster brother WiMAX (802.16)
provide relatively simple connection to a network, the main issues being security. I’ll explain why in a little bit, but for some background – read on…
While I tap away here, I’ve got literally hundreds of emails coming through on various email lists I belong to and they’re all discussing (some more vehemently than others) the surprise announcement by the Telecommunications commissioner.
Just to bring you up to speed, New Zealands Telecommunications infrastructure was once owned by the NZ Government through the New Zealand Post Office.
In 1987 Telecom bought this Telecommunications business from the NZ Post Office and became a State Owned Enterprise (SOE). This was an interesting time in New Zealands political history as a number of SOEs were also created in infrastructure areas such as power generation and transport around the same time, following on from this many of the core services were also privatised (such as NZ Railways, now Tranzlink).
Anyway, just three years after the SOE was formed, Telecom was sold in its entirety subsidiaries of Bell Atlantic Corporation and Ameritech Corporation for NZ$4,250 million. It was during this same year (1990) that Clear Communications (now TelstraClear) started building it’s network to compete with Telecom.
It is the feeling of a number of people that, while the SOE could and should have been sold to ensure it was run as efficiently as possible, government ownership over the infrastructure should never have been relinquished. There is a similar argument pitched toward the rail services of the country – though, as more people use a phone and/or the internet than freight goods/travel via rail, the rail privatisation hardly makes for newspaper selling subject matter.
The view of those against the privatisation of the core infrastructure is that, with government retaining ownership over the local loop.
Right, now I’ve explained all of that we can get back to the cause of this recent flurry of activity on the NZNOG and NZADSL email groups.
Introducing the Telecommunications Commissioner investigation into the Local Loop.
You see what has happened is, the Telecommunications Commissioner has done what appears to be a complete about face from the draft report which was release in October of this year.
What the draft report appeared to have recommended, is that the Local Loop (the copper infrastructure across which much of the telecommunications traffic in the country flows) should be unbundled thus allowing other companies to access the infrastructure and put their own services over it. It’s no surprise then that what has just happened has come as a shock to many interested parties with the final report recommending against the unbundling of the local loop.
The OECD has released a report on local loop unbundling (LLU) written in September. The report (without delving too deep into it’s 60 pages) states that while “the majority of countries consider that LLU has the potential to enhance local competition and assist in the development of competition for broadband servicesï¿½” it recognises the difficulties in undertaking a LLU including the co-ordination required between the incumbent and ‘new’ entrants to ensure that, once unbundled, the local loop doesn’t fall over due to a lack or clarity/responsibility over fault handling and ongoing maintenance. To me, the most interesting bit is the section stating that “LLU is not a panaceaï¿½ Goals for a broadband society can be attained in many other ways…”
This is kinda obvious stuff I’d have thought, but politicians and company heads all like to create large, expensive committees to slowly reach the same conclusions that anyone with a brain and a bit of Googling skill could have come to in a very short space of time. The fact is, LLU “could’, “should” and “has the potential to” make life easier for those wanting to rollout broad band services, however – everywhere that I’ve looked at where LLU is theoretically taking place the story is the same, it’s taking ages, the newcomers are unwilling to share the costs of ongoing maintenance of the loop and years down the track only a small percentage of lines have been unbundled to competitors (0.01% according to the European Competitive Telecommunications Association).
The question must be asked then, what the f**k is the point in spending all the time and money on commissioners reports, ongoing regulators, paying out some kind of compensation (I assume this would happen (perhaps naively), to my mind the NZ Government sold something and now wants it back. While is can legislate and take/do whatever it wants, it’s hardly moral – but then this *is* government.
The only place LLU works is in areas where an exchange has a large number of business users. Well bend me over and use me as a toast rack! Fancy that, high concentrations of users of a wide range of telecommunications services are more attractive to new players than Joe Average and POTS. This is precisely why New Zealand already *has* alternative networks -where it makes sense- where it makes sense is where the business users are, and where they are concentrated.
Wellington has CitiLink offering broadband, voice services and has spun off a WiFi offering in the shape of Cafï¿½NET.
It also has an alternative network being strung up by TelstraClear.
Christchurch has a similar alternative network being put in and lets not forget the smaller players such as Dunedins wireless Scarfies.Net or Nelsons ThePacific.NET
– all of these people (there are more, Google if you’re interested) are setting up their networks *where it makes sense*. Face it, if you live in the sticks you’re stuffed. You won’t be using a terrestrial based system for anything much in a few years anyway so initiating a headache like LLU won’t have any benefits to you because by the time the regulatory bollocks has been sorted out, technology will have moved on and the whole thing will have become an expensive bunch of arse. You can tell by the continuing degradation in my tone that I’m getting a bit passionate here, but I think that apart from some short term political point scoring, LLU is not going to do anything to help the average NZer, it’s going to cost us (as the poor saps whose taxes will fund the whole thing) an absolute fortune, and at the end of the day it’s going to be superseded by alternative technologiesï¿½ which brings me back to where I was just over 1000 words ago…
The access of Christmas future will be delightfully wirelessï¿½ Of course by this stage we’ll all be wanting access to MB or GB a second speeds. Oh well, at the end of the day holidays are for holidaying, and until someone creates me an affordable laptop which can deal with sand, seawater and a frighteningly close proximity to boisterous kids, the kind of access I’ll need will be just enough to keep me in the loop until I return, refreshed, revived and ready to swap my summer beach for the florescent bleach.